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The Dresden State Orchestra - Mother Of All Symphony Orchestras

  The  city of Dresden ,not far from Leipzig  with its renowned Gewandhaus orchestra , is home to
  the world's oldest orchestra , the  Staatskapelle , now  known as the Saxon State orchestra as
  it had been  in the past .  Known as the "florence of Germany" , the ancient and picturesque
  capitol of Saxony , located on the Elbe river , was bombed  severely in 1945 , and its historic
  Semper opera house , where the Staatskapelle had  played concerts and performed  operas  for so long , was  destroyed  in the Dresden bombing .  The orchestra had served as the official  instrumental ensemble of  the Royal court of Saxony since the 16th century .

  It  was rebuilt in the 1980s and  reopened in 1985 ,  and the orchestra  is  again in residence there .  Such great composer conductors as Carl Maria Von Weber (1786-1826) and Richard Wagner  served as  directors of  opera and concerts there , and  Richard Strauss also had a long
 relationship with the orchestra .  Wagner's early operas Rienzi , the Flying Dutchman and Tannhauser were premiered there under his direction , and  such  famous 20th century operas by Richard Strauss as Salome, Elektra, and Der Rosenkavalier were also premiered at the Semper
opera .

   Before WW 2, such eminent conductors as Fritz Busch, Fritz Reiner , and Karl Boehm served as  chief conductors  of the Dresden opera and  Staatskapelle concerts , and later
renowned conductors such as Rudolf Kempe, Franz Konwitschny , Lovro Von Matacic,
Otmar Suitner, and Kurt Sanderling .

   In more recent years ,  Herbert Blomstedt ,  Giuseppe Sinopoli ,  Bernard Haitink , 
   Hans Vonk . and most recently the Italian Fabio Luisi ,recently appointed principal guest conductor of the Metropolitan opera ,and a possible successor to James Levine as music director .  Luisi resigned last year  over a dispute with the orchestra's administration , and in 2112 , Christian Thielemann will  take over in Dresden . 

   Other renowned conductors who have been  regulars with the Staatskapelle include Sir Colin Davis ,  Marek Janowski , Daniel Harding ,  Nikolaus Harnoncourt ,  Andre Previn ,Eugen Jochum,
 Wolfgang Sawallisch , Jeffrey Tate , and Silvio Varviso .
 Many of the conductors mentioned  here have made acclaimed recordings  with the Staatskapelle,  both operas and  orchestral works ,for such  top record labels as EMI ,
Deutsche Grammophon and Philips .

   After the demise of the German Democratic Republic , the Saxon State opera  once again became  one of the world's leading international opera houses ,  and its resident orchestra  continues to  attract the world's leading conductors for its concerts . 

 

 
Posted: May 28 2011, 05:31 PM by the horn | with no comments
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