The Horn

Contact Me

Receive Email Updates

Does Classical Music Have a Diversity Problem ?

   According to conventional wisdom , the world of classical music is staid and set in its ways , and slow to change . There is some truth to this

accusation ,  but  things are still vastly different from  its past .  No longer is classical music   dominated by    white, preferably European males .  

There  are still plenty of them in the field, which is not necessarily a bad thing .  After all ,   dead white European  males  are pretty much  

what  brought  classical music into existence many centuries ago , and they have dominated the field as composers , conductors ,  

members of orchestras ,  instrumental soloists  etc .  
   
    But  in recent years ,  women  and  non-whites have been achieving   unprecendented prominence   in all the  fields  just mentioned . 

something which would have been unimaginable in the past .  Of course, there have been countless famous  and   beloved   female opera singers ,

as well as a fair number of  female  violinists , pianists , cellists etc .  However, there have been far more women composers   than most people

realize ,  but because of  sexism , they never achieved  the  public recognition  might have  gotten had they been male .  The sisters of  

both Mozart and Mendelssohn were  composers of  considerable talent ,  as well as  performers,  but  as women  things were  

against them .  Robert  Schumann's wife Clara was a renowned pianist who also composed , and some of her music has been recorded .  

   There are so many from the past who are now forgotten , but a surprising amount of their music has been recorded in recent years . 

But today , there are more women composer  before the public than ever before, and some of them have been widely performed .  

   Among them are  Sofia Gubaidullina of Russia , Kaaia Saariaho of Finland,  Judith Weir of England, and   Jennifer Higdon of America , to name 

only a few .  Now, it's not even news when an orchestra performs a work by a woman composer .  

   Until recently, the field of conducting was dominated bywhite  males  .  But more and more are starting to  appear with  the world's leading  

opera companies .  Marin Alsop  , a New York native and protege of  Leonard Bernstein , is the first woman to    be appointed as music director o
the Baltimore symphony , and has made recordings with them  and  achieved  considerable acclaim .  Australian  Simone Young served until

recently as music director of the Hamburg State opera , one of the most prestigious in Germany .  Susanna Malkki of Finland  is  rapidly  

achieving  international recognition  , and she has even been  touted as a long shot to become next music director of the New York Philharmonic 

when Alan  Gilbert steps down .  

   There are many others  , too many to  mention here .  50 years ago , there were very few women in  mosy of the world's top orchestras ,

but now there are plenty of them .  This began when orchestras adapted  blind auditions , with  candidates playing behind a screen , which they 

still use .

   Asian countries such as   Japan , China and  South Korea  have   been major players in classical music for many years .   Japanese conductor 

Seiji Ozawa turns 80 this year ,  Chinese superstar Lang Lang sells out audiences everywhere .  and  there are so many   others .

   Japanese , South Korean and Chinese musicians   are now common in  leading orchestras everywhere , as well as  Asian Americans /

   Young  and enormously gifted   Asian   aspiring  classical musicians  are now  filling  leading  music schools   all over America  , such as

Juilliard , the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia ,  and others .  They are actually a majority at Juilliard .  

   The renowned  Vienna Philharmonic , which  in order to preserve its traditional   sound  , has   always favored  native born  

Austrian  male musicians , has  been subject ot considerable criticism for failing to give women  and   Non-Austrians a chance   , has 

gradually begun  to   accept  some of these lately .  

    Unfortunately ,  African Americans still   make up only  about one percent of  American orchestras .  but this is not due to discrimination , but 

the fact that very few  African Americans have ever  aimed at  careers  in orchestras .  But no one is standing in  they way , and  

blind auditions  guarantee that they will not face discrimination .  There are no doubt  some  talented aspiring young  black  

instrumentalists  now , and there is no reason for  young blacks with talent  not to aim   for a career in them .  

   Opera is  the  field within classical which has produced  the most   African Americans  , and these include such legendary  

opera stars  as   Leontyne   Price , Marian Anderson , Grace Bumbry , Shirley Verret and others .to name only a few .  

Marian Anderson was the first balck  singer  to  star at the Metropolitan opera , as far back as the 1950s .

   The late Henry Lewis  was the first black conductor to appear at  the Metropolitan opera, and first  to  be music of a major  

US orchestra , the New Jersy symphony orchestra .  Marian Anderson's nephew  James De Priest , who passed  away last year ,

was an internationally acclaimed conductor who  appeared with  leading orchestras around the world  for decades . 

   Maybe the world of classical music is not quite as staid   as we've been led to believe by critics  and  commentators !

 
  

 
Posted: Mar 11 2015, 11:00 PM by the horn | with no comments
Add to Bloglines Add to Del.icio.us Add to digg Add to Facebook Add to Google Bookmarks Add to Newsvine Add to reddit Add to Stumble Upon Add to Shoutwire Add to Squidoo Add to Technorati Add to Yahoo My Web